Saturday, March 30, 2019
Research Paper On The Shinto Religion
Reoceanrch Paper On The Shinto ReligionOn e very continent of the world, there argon classifys of heap who everywhere centuries have passed on traditions that have been in their families, communities and cultures that define their elbow room of vitality. The most influential tradition of them all is the religious belief that the group take to heart. One such devotion is known as Shinto. The religion is concept to have been introduced between 500 to 2000 BCE on the continent of Asia, and is near tied to disposition, and recognizes the existence of motley Kami, genius deities. So we will be looking at the foundations of this religion, how it was formed, and how it is viewed by those who follow its teachings, what is the structure of the religion compargond to different religions, and what types of visions the followers seek from the religion.Shinto, as a religion, does non have a defined founder, as the major religions of the world, such as Judaism, Christianity, Hinduis m and Islam. These religions have docuwork forcet sustains written specifically for the followers, so that they back read and absorb the message, so that they can fell apart of the religious belief. So where did this religion stick with from. Historians have studied the origins of Shinto and have sleep with to the conclusion that Shinto, evolved some years ago as an native religion from Japan, and is still macrocosm practiced by more(prenominal) Nippvirtuosose communities today, and it is unique in its affixation to nature, and as such, constitutes the basis of Japanese culture. (John Breen, 2000) Until the relatively recent realityation of a series of seminal articles by the historian Kuroda Toshio, the Shinto physical compositions construction of the Shinto past went unchallenged by specialists writing in Japanese, English and some other Western spoken languages.To this day, that construction remains largely unquesti mavend in non-specialist literature. at that lie u is some value, therefore, in a brief rehearsal of both the establishment position and Kurodas incisive critique of it. (John Breen, 2000). According to scholars, Shento is thought to be a religion that has been around for many years. The religion is different from others, because it is not a system of beliefs. In the book Mans Religion by John Noss, he states that It is basically a reverent loyalty to familiar ways of life and familiar empowersit is true to say that for the masses in Japan relish of country, as in other lands, is a matter of the heart first, and of the self-opinionated substance second. (Noss, 1969). The religion is said to not be weighted fell with canons of tabu literature, and no explicit code of ethical requirements. The meanings of many of its lush rituals are unknown by many who practice them. Historically, individual clans simply worshiped a particular deity as their ownancestors. Which included hidden spirits and vivid powers, but such worship was topical anaestheticized until the one-eighth century CE, when the term Shinto came into use to distinguish indigenous Japanese ways from Buddhism and other imported religions. Shinto is different in, its connection to the natural belief, and, is the bases of the Japanese culture. The religions label Shinto was formed from the words shin (divine being, which can be read as kami) and do (way). (Fisher, 2008) Clark B. Offner defines Shinto as the traditionalistic religious practices which originated in Japan and developed mainly among the Japanese battalion along with the underlying life attitudes and ideology which support such practices. (Offner, 1976) one of the differences of this religion is that it has a free style of belief, and is not so move to predispositions as other religions are, they believe the unearthly, kamis are present and take various forms. In Shintakus book The Way of the Kami, he believes that the belief is in the spiritual world and knowledge that the ear th is inhabited by both human beings and kami alike. (Shintaku, 2011) In the religion, sin is considered original, but a condition of individual(prenominal) good development and a connection with the Kamis . According to historians, the oldest recorded usage of Shin-do is in the Nihon-shoki dating to the Emperor Yomei between 552-587, who is said to have believed in the rectitude of Buddhism and revered the way of the kami. The word kami is frequently translated to god with a lowly g. This is usually taken as grounds for claiming that the religious culture of the Japanese is polytheistic.The above whitethorn be confusing to those who know the Japanese language, because the language has no distinction between singular and plural and although there may be many kami, they all share the same character.Kami thus refers to the impression of many phenomena that the Japanese believed were endowed with an aura of divinity. (Picken, 1994) Shintoism is filled with an inestimable measur ing stick of kami inherited spirits of the passel of Japan. nigh worshipers have the belief that the deceased become kamis after passing. Shintaku notes in the way of the Kami they live on in the afterlife as special kami. Respect for family has high priority of the people of Japanese culture with roots deep within Shintoism. (Shintaku, 2011)One often told story, is about the sun goddess Amaterasu-o-mi-kami ( glorious goddess who shines in the heavens). The story taken from Shintakus book talks about how the goddess was lured out of hiding by festive sounds, medicine and dancing. She was hiding because of her disapproval of her siblings actions, and out of the store came symbols that are special to Shinto believers. 1. A mirror (to reflect your true nature and the symbol of Amaterasu -o-mi-Kami). 2. A sword (symbol of power and Susano-o-no-Mikoto) 3. A jewel to represent ones influence everyplace others. (Shintaku, 2011)The place for those who worship the religion of Shinto occ urs at any of the many shrines that cover Japan. Even though many people have constructed personal alters around their homes, the main place to worship is at a local shrine. Because Shinto has numerous deities, it is hard to worship all of them. Because of this, many are not worshipped consistently other than the sun goddess. Outside of Tokyo, there is a grand imperial shrine that is dedicated only to Amaterasu. This side is the most sacred in all of Japan for worshipers of Shinto. It is said that this place of worship pre dates Christ. Shinto followers make a pilgrimage to the sacred worship site and pray in the outer court of the facility, one rule when coming to this site to worship, is that non priests and public servants must pray in the outer area because the internal facility is available only to the priests and public servants for worship. The following Shinto prayer faith in effect(p)y recited during their visit that shows the intertwined spirit and nature that the religio n encompasses as presented in Stewarts book the Handbook of Todays ReligionsI go for in the great presence of the From-Heaven-shinning-great-deity who sits in Ise. Because the Sovereign great goddess bestows on him the countries of the four quarters over which her glance extends, As farthest as the limit where Heaven stands up like a wall, As far as the limit where the blue clouds lie away fallen- The blue sea plain as far as the limit whither come the prows of the ships without drying poles or paddles, The ships which continuously crowd on the great sea plain, And the roads which men travel by land, as far as the limit whither come the horses hoofs, with the baggage-cords tied tightly, treading the uneven rocks and tree-roots and standing up continuously in a long path without a break- Making the narrow countries wide and the rough countries plain, And as it were drawing together the distant countries by throwing many tens of ropes over them, He will pile up the first-fruits lik e a drop of hills in the great presence of the Sovereign great goddess, and will peacefully enjoy the remainder. (Stewart, 1983)As shown in the prayer, nature and spirit has a very close relationship to the mindset of those who are worshippers. And because the livelihood of the people comes from the natural essence of their surroundings and everything natural, their economy, is an extension of their belief, so it too has a place in the religion as well. As it is said, that the religion is concerned not only with the sacred but also with the secular, all activities necessary for the performance of nourishment, clothing and shelter, and the development of culture and giving happiness to the world, has a condition connection with the kami. (Ono, 1962)In order to ask for blessings and enlightenment, worshippers engage in festivals, rites, ceremonies. Some celebrations such as the New Year, a childs birth, puberty, farming, marriages, and ceremonies for new construction are some of t he main ones. At the local shrines, regular festivals are held to have a go at it special dates that relates to the worship site and its deities, along with a plethora of blessings ranging from a good harvest, fertility, health, and success of a business. Many shrines use the planetary calendar for traditional ceremonies. Some events on are, the new moon, the first half-moon of the year, the full moon, and the half-moon of the last tether months of the year are said to be a sacred period that are known as Hare-no-hi. ke-no-hi are said to refer to the remaining days of a month. Stewarts breaks out the Festivals into three main parts. 1. Kami Mukae, Welcoming the kami. A special welcoming ceremony to demand deities to earth. 2. Shinko The main event, typically with the local community parading in the streets or shrines with palanquin, in which the kami are enshrined. 3. Kami Okuni, meaning s determination the kami back to their heavenly abodes. Not ending with this ritual, is thou ght to invite disaster. (Stewart, 1983)Even though the religion of Shinto does not have a formal document to follow, it does have traditions, rituals, temples, and deity(s) as the more known religions. Peace harmony to all life form and nature are the takeaways from this information. The peaceful admiration of nature and all natural things is thought to bring a spiritual feeling of purpose to all, and to give thank for being apart of what was created by the gods should be worshiped and protected.