Monday, June 3, 2019

The Use Of Abbreviations In Articles

The Use Of abbreviations In ArticlesThe purpose of this look is to investigate what abridgment means, what types of abbreviations appear and to state how their full forms differ in various style categories. To accomplish this goal theoretical seek and analysis of political articles were done. The result of the research showed that abbreviation means step-down and there are four types of abbreviations. The meaning of reductions depend on the context and language category where it is utilise.Kay words abbreviation, type, full form. launchingArticles, journals, newspapers and all other sources of written mass media is one of the most popular ways of getting information about the current events. The text in articles is picky proposition it requires a concrete style of writing, includes a number of stylistic devices, abbreviations, grammatical patterns much(prenominal) as direct speech or free direct speech, idioms and others. every(prenominal) these devices are one of the branc hes of Lexicology (Linguistics). While dealing with stylistic devices or grammatical patterns they are more or less understandable for the reader. Though, when dealing with abbreviations not all the cases are easy to understand at once. Abbreviations can be apply in different ways mostly for shortening long forms of the word or group of words. However, abbreviations can appear in the text as fixed proper or personal names of some organizations, or for members of some particular organizations. Abbreviations can follow the rules of their creation, although, the meaning of one and the same abbreviation can differ, depending on the language category where it is used.Thus, following the theme of the current course which is found on the politics and law the research examples are chiefly taken from political articles.The goal of the research is to investigate the use of abbreviations in political and governmental articles.The enabling objectives were collected to achieve the researchs go alTo analyze articles/newspapersTo study theoryTo define what an abbreviation meansState the types of abbreviationsTo find out the most green abbreviations used in political articlesTo provide the examples from the articles, full forms and meanings of the used abbreviations.The research is based on a personal hypothesis, which states the abbreviation is a wide-spread branch of Lexicology (Linguistics) that is exceedingly used in newspaper style and articles.The methods of the researchTheoretical (the study and analysis of the term abbreviations, their types)Practical (the analysis of political articles, the analysis of the examples).Short digest of chaptersThe first chapter the chapter of definitions and theory.The consequence chapter the chapter provides researched examples of abbreviations, their full forms and meanings.Review of the LiteratureA great number of theoretical materials were touched upon. Therefore the author included a contend of useful dictionaries. All the the oretical part were taken from the Linguistics Discourse. Most of the definitions were taken from Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary. In additions, a number of On-line dictionaries were reflected in the research.ABBREVIATIONSWhat is an AbbreviationLooking to abbreviation as a branch of Linguistics, the definition will be as follows Abbreviation is a shortening of a word or phrase to be used to report the full form (World English Dictionary. 2009). To put such definition into one word it is possible to define the abbreviation as a reduction. However, returning back to definitions, the common explanation for the term as abbreviation, which can be found in any useful dictionary, looks the like this Abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or phrase (Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary. 2005). To put it shorter abbreviation is a reduced form.Types of AbbreviationsAbbreviations as such are divided into several groups or types. According to the studies of Linguistics, there are fou r main diversitys of abbreviationsShorteningsContractionsInitialismsAcronymsThe first type is called Shortenings. Shortenings of the words or phrases usually comprise of the first few letters of the full forms are spelt with capital letters (World English Dictionary. 2009). For example, MP (Members of the Parliament) FCO (First Commonwealth Fund, Inc) OMG (Operation Market-Garden) CEO (Chief Executive Officer) etc.The second type of abbreviations is Contractions. Contractions are abbreviated forms in which letters from the middle of the full form have been omitted (World English Dictionary. 2009). In other words, contractions are clippings or cuttings. For example, Dr = revivify St = Saint/Street Zoo = Zoological garden taxi = taxicab etc.The next type of abbreviations is called Initialisms or semi-shortenings. Initialisms are made up of the initial letters of the words and are pronounced as separate letters (World English Dictionary. 2009). For example, SIR or S.I.R. (Self Insur ed Retention). In addition, to this particular type of abbreviations are relate world know reduced forms such as etc or (etc.) which means et cetera in a full form, p or pp, which stands for page or pages in a full form interpretation. Initailisms as previous ones can be found not only in articles, yet in any kind of literature.Finally, the fourth type of abbreviations known as Acronyms. Acronyms are Initialisms that have become words in their own rights, or similar words formed from parts of several words. Acronyms are pronounced as several words rather than as a series of letters, and do not have periods. In more cases the Acronyms became the standard term and the full form is only used in explanatory contexts (World English Dictionary. 2009). For example, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).To sum up, the abbreviations mean reduction or reduced form of a word or phrase. There are four types of reduction known as Shortenings, Contractions, Initialisms and Acronyms. All these types are highly used and can be found in newspapers and magazines of different subjects.reductions in use and their meaningsAll the examples were taken from different articles, magazines or newspapers.Abbreviations used in political articlesShorteningsMP Member of Parliament (Governmental)FT Future Technology Foreign Talent (US Government)BIS Bureau of Industry and Security (US Government)DCMS Department of Culture, Media and Sport (Governmental) Disaster Credit way System (Us Government)DWP Deluxe Weapons Pack (GovernmentalMilitary)The same Abbreviations used in articles of different categories (Economics, Culture, Computing, Community, Medicine, etc.)ShorteningsMP Media Player (Community) Military Police (Law) Market Place (Business) Melting specify (Academic and Science).FT Full Time (Business) Football Team (Community) Field Trip (Academic and Science).BIS Bank for International Settlement (Business) Bismuth (Medicine) Business Info rmation System (Computing) create Industry Show (Academic and Science).DCMS Duval Country Medical Society (Medicine) Dartmouth Community Medical School (Academic and Science) Data Collection Management System (Computing) Derivatives Collateral Management serving (Business).DWP Department of Water and Power (Community) Dispensing Well Plate (Academic and Science).ContractionsPlane = AirplanePhone = TelephoneBus = OmnibusAd = AdvertisementMag. = Magistrate MagazineInitialismsAbbreviations used in political articlesSIA or S.I.A. Secretariat for Industrial Assistance (Governmental)CIA or C.I.A. Central Intelligence Agency (Governmental)The same Abbreviations used in different categoriesInitialismsSIA or S.I.A. Semiconductor Industry Association (Academic and Science) Securities Industry Association (Business) Special Instructional Assistance (Community).CIA or C.I.A. Certified Internal Auditor (Business) Caught In the Act (Law) Confidentiality, Integrity, and availableness (Comm unity) Curriculum Instruction and Assessment (Academic and Science) Chemotherapy Induced Alopecia (Medicine).AcronymsNATO North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationUN The United NationsEU The European UnionOverall, all articles which were used for the research showed that a great number of abbreviations are used there. As it is seen, abbreviations are highly welcomed in newspapers style and not only one type of abbreviations but all of the four types. Almost each article which was examined has included at least one reduced form.CONCLUSIONSummarizing all, the hypothesis was approved. The abbreviations are common induce for newspaper style and are highly used in articles. It is convenient for newspaper language to use reduced forms of the words in order to neutralize the full name of the subjects which can length as the long sentence. Meanwhile the same abbreviations have different meanings due to the categories where they are used.thesesAbbreviation means reduction or reduced form of a word or phraseThere are four types of Abbreviations Shortenings, Contractions, Initialisms, AcronymsThe meaning of Abbreviation depends on the category of languageAbbreviation is a common feature in newspapers style

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