Thursday, May 30, 2019

Kids :: essays research papers

Introduction A) Broad discussion of topics Discuss Kristins thesis1. Evolution and understanding of it      Macro vs. Micro      VIST framework      Darwin/Mayr 2. Tools-language      Open vs. Close terminate questions      How vs. why questions      Best way of asking to reveal causal framework           -explain causal framework Essentialism (Gelman), Teleology (Keleman),                Bloom, and Theory of Mind     Ultimate Cause (natural)          Why questions     proximate cause          How questions3. Childrens and adults understanding of biology/evolution/metamorphosis     Evans     Species-proximity to humans     Mayr4. Natural kinds vs. artifacts5. Creationist-God...wanted, created, gave, madeNaturalistic-need, adaptations, evolve, growthIntelligent design- intention, purposefulB) Rationale for this study1. Give close-ended questions to young children so they can understand the broad questions and because they may not be able to ellaborate or communicate well enough.      Hood/Bloom When children start answering causal questions of parents and                when they start asking questions of their own. C) Hypothesis     (still being established...have to wait until finished coding Kristins data to predict the results of mine)Methodsubjects 20-25Age 5 and 6 long timeGender 1/2 male and 1/2 femaleopen-ended questions     -divided into how and why     - questions taken from coding results of previous study done by Kris itn     - analyzed and took the most typical explanationsPresent the most frequent of those close-ended questions presented to older age group with 1 explanation per pattern      4 reasoning patterns (Will be inserted in paper with actual questions once the data                     has all been coded and analyzed from Kristins study)     Questions altered to fit all itemsUse item used with older kids to watch over if they are giving the answers the older kids did. Procedure4 parts of the procedure will be given sequentially1. Warm-up     9 items (pictures)     looking at interacting     Ask child if the card is an animal or a human to see if they understand2. Card practice     agree/disagree face separate3. Open-ended questions     "how/why do you think..."     between subjects     footnote Kristins study4. Close-ended questions     3 humans, 3 butterflies, 3 frogs, 3 mammals, 3 artifacts     order randomly determined without reserve     once item is chosen          They will be told

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